Expanding Global Trade and Conflicting Worldviews When you have completed your exam and reviewed your answers, click Submit Exam. Answers will not be recorded until you hit Submit Exam. If you need to exit before completing the exam, click Cancel Exam. Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question. Note that a question and its answers may be split across a page break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and all the answers before choosing an answer. 1. The Triennial Act, passed by the House of Commons in 1641, A. addressed the rebellion in Ireland. B. required the king to convene Parliament every three years. C. legalized the Atlantic triangular trade. D. extended the effective rule of Parliament for two decades. 2. During the sixteenth century, the city of Manila became a transpacific bridge from Spanish America to A. East Africa. B. India. C. China. D. Indonesia. 3. According to the work of Johannes Kepler, which statement is false? A. The time required for a planet to orbit the sun specifies its distance from the sun. B. The order of the universe is based on mathematical relationships. C. Planetary orbital motion is uniform. D. Planetary orbits are elliptical. 4. During the fifteenth century, the status of women was highest in A. Southeast Asia. B. China. C. India. D. Europe. 5. With the exception of _______, most societies have engaged in the slave trade. A. the Ottoman Empire B. the Australian Aborigines C. Venice D. Indonesia 6. Which of the following statements is false? A. Swahili cities lost their independence after the arrival of Vasco da Gama. B. Natives of city-states like Mogadishu enjoyed a high standard of living. C. The word Swahili means "people of the coast." D. The prosperity of East African states was based on intensive agriculture. 7. _______ became the most important industry in the Spanish colonies. A. Cattle ranching B. Mining C. Agriculture D. Fishing 8. Ranking high as a historical coincidence, Francisco Pizarro landed on the coast of _______ on the same day that Atahualpa won control of the _______ Empire. A. Peru; Inca B. Mexico; Mayan C. Mexico; Aztec D. Peru; Cuzco 9. Which of the following statements is false? A. Coffee was often used as a "business lubricant." B. The first coffee houses were established in Istanbul. C. Coffee houses expanded Muslim social life. D. Drinking coffee originated in Mecca. 10. What was the Taghaza? A. It was a center of literacy and learning. B. It was the name given to a major peasant uprising. C. It was the site of a main salt-mining center. D. He or she was a member of the aristocracy. 11. If you were a Jewish person living under the Pale of Settlement established by Catherine the Great, you might well have been required to live in any of the following places, except A. Denmark B. Latvia. C. Ukraine. D. Moldava. 12. Which of the following were used as a medium of exchange in West Africa? A. Kola nuts B. Grains C. Cowrie shells D. Salts 13. Who were the ulama? A. Sunni mercenaries B. Shi'a slaves C. Shi'a bureaucrats D. Sunni religious scholars 14. Montesquieu was to the idea of the division of power as Denis Diderot was to the A. Encyclopedia: The Rational Dictionary of the Sciences, the Arts, and the Crafts. B. Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. C. concept of Deism. D. idea of tabula rasa. 15. Under the system called the devshirme, A. youths were recruited from Christian families to become slaves. B. slaves could serve as advisors called viziers. C. sultans produced potential heirs by way of slave-concubines. D. all property belonged to the Sultan. 16. After Charles I was executed, Thomas Hobbes wrote Leviathan, wherein he defended a thesis. Which of these statements best summarizes that thesis? A. Monarchies must be overthrown. B. Individuals, on their own, must embrace liberal ideals. C. People are mainly good at heart. D. Social order requires a social contract. 17. Historians agree that the most advanced economy up until the eighteenth century was that of A. India. B. Arabia. C. China. D. Japan. 18. Under Louis XIV, _______ in Versailles. A. women recommended individuals for honors and patronage B. Protestants were held in high regard C. nobles were seldom required to attend the court D. rules of etiquette were ignored 19. Between 1501 and 1866, the great majority of slaves imported from Africa to the Americas ended up in A. the British Caribbean. B. New Spain. C. Brazil. D. Mainland North America. End of exam 20. Crops that were transported to Europe in the context of the Columbian exchange included all of the following except A. corn. B. potatoes. C. wheat. D. tomatoes.